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Appendix I: Recognized Standards

  • Issued: November 23, 2016
  • Content last reviewed: November 2016

The following partial list of standards, including codes and legislation, is provided to assist professional engineers and others responsible for conducting pre-start health and safety reviews.

Professional engineers are responsible for familiarizing themselves with these and any other relevant documents.

Where reference is made to a specific act, code or regulation, the version effective at the time these guidelines were published has been used.

Those performing pre-start reviews (PSRs) are advised to contact the appropriate ministry, agency or administrative authority to ensure that they are using the latest versions of these documents.

A. Occupational Health and Safety Act and Regulations

B. Other legislation and regulations that may apply

C. Canadian, American, European and international standards

Standards flagged with an asterisk (*) have been reviewed by Ministry of Labour engineers and are accepted by the Ministry of Labour as good engineering practice needed to comply with section 7 of the Industrial Establishments Regulation. Standards not flagged with an asterisk have not been reviewed by the ministry. Such standards must be reviewed by a P. Eng. (professional engineer) to ensure that adherence to them would satisfy all the requirements of the regulation that are listed in the PSR table.

CSA standards

CSA - International (CSA) publications that may apply are referenced in many codes, and provide guidance on the acceptable means of safeguarding of specific equipment and processes.

  • CAN/CSA-Z142 (2010)* – Code for Punch Press and Brake Press Operation: Health, Safety, and Guarding Requirements
  • CAN/CSA-Z434 (R2013)* – Industrial Robots and Robot Systems-General Safety
  • CAN/CSA-Z615 (R2006)* – Code for Hot Forging Producers, Health and Safety Requirements
  • CAN3-Z180.1 (2012)* – Compressed Breathing Air and Systems
  • CSA-A344.2 (2005)* – Standard for the Design and Construction of Steel Storage Racks
  • CSA-B51 (2014)* – Boiler, Pressure Vessel, and Pressure Piping Code
  • CSA-B52 (2013)* – Mechanical Refrigeration Code
  • CSA-W117.2 (2012)* – Safety in Welding, Cutting and Allied Processes
  • CSA-Z432 (2014)* – Safeguarding of Machinery

ANSI standards

American National Standards Institute (ANSI) publications that may apply are referenced in many codes, and provide guidance on the acceptable safeguarding of specific equipment and processes.

  • ANSI/B11.01 (2009)* – Mechanical Power Presses
  • ANSI/B11.02 (2013)* – Hydraulic Power Presses
  • ANSI/B11.03 (2012)* – Power Press Brakes (OSHA-CPL 2-1.25)
  • ANSI/B11.04 (2003)* – Shears
  • ANSI/B11.5-1988 (R94) – Iron Workers
  • ANSI/B11.06 (2001)* – Lathes
  • ANSI/B11.7-1995 (R00) – Cold Headers and Cold Formers
  • ANSI/B11.08 (2001)* – Drilling, Milling, and Boring
  • ANSI/B11.9-1975 (R97) – Grinding Machines
  • ANSI/B11.10-1990 (R98) – Sawing Machines
  • ANSI/B11.11-1985 (R94) – Gear Cutting Machines
  • ANSI/B11.12-1996 – Roll Forming and Roll Bending
  • ANSI/B11.13-1992 (R98) – Automatic Screw/Bar and Chucking Machines
  • ANSI/B11.14-1996 – Coil Slitting Machines
  • ANSI/B11.15-1984 (R94) – Pipe, Tube, and Shape Bending Machines
  • ANSI/B11.16-1988 – Metal Powder Compacting
  • ANSI/B11.17-1996 – Horizontal Hydraulic Extrusion Presses
  • ANSI/B11.18-1997 – Coil Processing Systems
  • ANSI/B11.19 (2010)* – Safeguarding Methods
  • ANSI/B11.20 (2004)* – Manufacturing Systems/Cells
  • ANSI/B11.21 (2006)* – Machines Using Lasers
  • ANSI/B65.1 (2011)* – Printing Press Systems
  • ANSI/B65.2 (2011)* – Binding and Finishing Systems
  • ANSI/B65.5 (2006)* – Stand Alone Platen Presses
  • ANSI/01.1-1992 – Woodworking Machinery-Safety Requirements
  • ANSI/Z244.1-2003 – Lockout/tagout of Energy Sources
  • ANSI/Z268.1-1982 – Metal Scrap Processing Equipment
  • ANSI/ALI ALCTV-2011* – Automotive Lifts-Safety Requirements for Construction, Testing and Validation
  • ANSI/ALI ALOIM-2008* – Automotive Lifts-Safety Requirements for Operation, Inspection and Maintenance
  • RIA/ANSI/15-06 – 2012* – Industrial Robots and Robot Systems
  • ANSI/SPI B151.1 – 2007* – Horizontal Injection Moulding Machines
  • ANSI/SPI B151.27-1998 – Robots Used with Horizontal Injection Moulding Machines
  • ANSI/Z245.1-2012* – Mobile Wastes and Recyclable Materials Collection, Transportation, and Compacting Equipment Safety Requirements (Note: See additional requirements issued by the Ministry of Labour in guidelines entitled: Mobile Compacting Equipment Safety Guidelines)
  • ANSI/Z245.2-1997 – Refuse Collection, Processing, and Disposal Equipment-Stationary Compactors – Safety Requirements
  • ANSI/Z245.5-1990 – Baling Equipment

World standards

International Standards Organization (ISO) and European Norm (EN) Standards, International Electro-technical Commission (IEC) publications that may apply are referenced in many codes.

They provide guidance on acceptable safeguarding of specific equipment and processes.

Type A standards

Type A standards define fundamental concepts and general design principles that apply to all types of machinery.

  • ISO-12100-1 and 2* – Safety of machinery: basic concepts, general principles for design
  • ISO-14121* – Safety of machinery – principles of risk assessment
  • IEC-61508 (parts 1, 2, 3, 4, 5) – Functional safety of electrical/electronic/programmable electronic safety related systems

Type B standards

Type B standards are concerned with a particular aspect of safety and apply to most machinery.

  • ISO-13852* – Safety distances to prevent danger zones from being reached by upper limbs
  • ISO-13854* – Minimum gaps to avoid crushing of parts of the human body
  • ISO-13853* – Safety distances to prevent danger zones from being reached by lower limbs
  • ISO-13855 – Hand/arm speed – approach speeds of the human body for positioning protective equipment
  • ISO-13851* – Two hand control devices
  • ISO-14120* – General requirements for the design and construction of guards
  • ISO 14118 – Prevention of unexpected start up
  • ISO-14119* – Interlocking devices with and without guard locking
  • ISO 13856* (4 parts) – Pressure sensitive protective devices
  • IEC 60947 5; 5-1; 5-2; 5-3 – Low voltage switch gear and control gear; Electromechanical control circuit devices; Proximity devices; Proximity devices with defined behaviour under fault conditions
  • ISO 4413 – Safety requirements for fluid power systems and components – hydraulics
  • ISO 4414* – Safety requirements for fluid power systems and components – pneumatics
  • IEC/EN 61496 Parts 1 and 2*
    • Part 1: Electro sensitive protective equipment – sensing safeguards
    • Part 2: Active opto-electronic protective devices – light curtains

Type C standards

Type C standards give minimum safety instruction for a specific group of machinery.

Machines for cold working of metals:

  • EN 692 – Mechanical presses
  • EN 693 – Hydraulic presses, press-brakes, pneumatic presses

Rubber and plastic machines:

  • EN 201 – Injection moulding machines
  • EN 289 – Compression and transfer moulding presses
  • EN 422 – Blow moulding machines intended for the production of hollow articles
  • EN 1114 – Extruders and extrusion lines
  • EN 1417 – Two roll mills
  • EN 1612-1 – Reaction moulding machines

Packaging machines:

  • EN 415-1 – Common requirements
  • EN 415-2 – Machines for preformed rigid packaging
  • EN 415-3 – Form, fill and seal machines
  • EN 415-4 – Palletizers and depalletizers
  • EN 415-5 – Wrapping machines
  • EN 415-6 – Machines to form collective packaging
  • EN 415-7 – Machines to ensure cohesion of load units

Food processing machines:

  • EN 1978 Vegetable cutting machines
  • EN 1974 Slicing machines

Wood working machines:

  • EN 848-1 – One-side moulding machines with rotating tool
  • EN 848-3 – Numerically controlled (NC) boring and routing machines
  • EN 859 – Hand fed surface planing machines
  • EN 860 – One side thickness planing machines
  • EN 861 – Surface planing and thicknessing machines
  • EN 940 – Combined wood working machines
  • EN 1218-2 – Tenoning machines – part 2: double-end tenoning and/or profiling

Machines fed by chain(s):

  • EN 1218-4 – Tenoning machines – part 4: edge banding machines fed by chain or chains
  • EN 1870-13 – Safety of woodworking machines – circular sawing machines - horizontal beam panel sawing machines
  • EN 12750 – Four sided moulding machines

Tannery machines:

  • EN 972 – Reciprocating roller machines
  • EN 930 – Roughing, scouring, polishing, and trimming machines
  • EN 931 – Footwear manufacturing machines. Lasting machines
  • EN 1035 – Moving plate machines
  • EN 1845 – Footwear moulding machines

Miscellaneous:

  • EN 775 – Manipulating industrial robots
  • EN 1525 – Industrial trucks – driverless trucks and their systems
  • EN 10472 – Industrial laundry machinery
  • EN 11111 – Textile machinery
  • EN 12626 – Laser processing machines

D. Codes, standards, manuals and handbooks

The codes, standards, manuals and handbooks listed below are not current applicable standards, but are general guidance documents that may be referred to during a pre-start health and safety review.

  1. American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH), Industrial Ventilation, A Manual of Practice
  2. American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) handbooks
  3. CAN3-S16.1, Steel Structures for Buildings – Limit States Design
  4. CAN3-S136, Cold Formed Steel Structural Members
  5. CAN3-S157, Strength Design in Aluminum
  6. The Civil Engineering Handbook editors: W.F. Chen, J.Y. Richard Liew, CRC Press 2002, 2nd. Edition.
  7. CAN3-O86, Engineering Design in Wood
  8. Factory Mutual Systems Industrial Loss Prevention
  9. Matheson Gas Data Book, Matheson Division of Searle Medical Products USA, Inc.
  10. National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Standard and Codes of Practice and Fire Protection Handbook
  11. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Industrial Environment, its Evaluation and Control
  12. Ontario Ministry of Labour - Health and Safety Guidelines, Engineering Data Sheets and Hazard Alerts
  13. John Wiley & Sons, Patty’s Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology
  14. Perry’s Chemical Engineers’ Handbook
  15. Irving Sax, Dangerous Properties of Industrial Materials
  16. Standard Handbook for Electrical Engineers
  17. Standard Handbook for Mechanical Engineers
  18. Underwriters Laboratories Canada (ULC) Standards
  19. PLUS 2203 HAZLOC-94, Hazardous Locations: A Guide for the Design, Construction and Installation of Electrical Equipment in Explosive Atmospheres by John A. Bossert (Available from CSA ISBN 0-921347-39-1)

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