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Side-loading Compacting Equipment

  • ISBN: 978-1-4249-6190-0
  • Issued: May 2004
  • Content last reviewed: June 2009

Photo of a side-loading compacting vehicle A worker(s) shall be protected from any pinch point at the point-of-operation of the crusher panel mechanism by the following safety features:

A worker(s) shall be protected from any pinch point at the point-of-operation of the crusher panel mechanism by the following safety features:

  1. A moveable guard(s) that is interlocked so that the guard is in place before the crusher panel cycle is started. The moveable guard shall be designed so that it shall not be hazardous in itself and so that the hazard from projectiles during the crushing cycle is eliminated. For guard interlocking see Appendix "A".

    Or by all of the following safety features:

    1. Actuation of the control for the crusher panel cycle shall be by sustained manual pressure. The control shall be located so that the worker actuating the control:
      1. cannot reach any pinch point at the point-of-operation; and
      2. has a clear view of the point-of-operation

      Figure 3 - Side-loading compacting equipment

      Figure 3: Close-up photo of a side-loading compacting vehicle identifying specific  mechanisms (as listed).
      1. Crusher Panel
      2. Crusher Panel Controls
      3. Emergency Stop Bar
      4. Loading Sill
      5. Compactor Ram
      6. Compactor Controls

      Figure 4 - Side-loading compacting equipment

      Figure 4: Photo of a side-loading compacting vehicle identifying specific  mechanisms (as listed)
      1. Crusher panel
      2. Hopper opening
      3. Crusher panel controls
      4. Emergency stop bar
      5. Compactor controls
    2. The controls shall be located on the side of the vehicle used for loading. The door at the opposite side of the truck shall be interlocked with the crusher panel operation. (The 'guard interlock' feature is to ensure that the crusher movement shall have stopped before the loading door can be opened.)

      Or

      The door shall be pad-locked.

    3. An additional set of sustained manual pressure controls for each additional worker shall be provided. The actuation of the controls shall take place concurrently for the full crusher panel cycle. The controls shall be located so that the additional worker cannot reach any pinch point and that the additional worker cannot operate more than one set of controls. If the door at the opposite side of the truck is not interlocked with the crusher panel operation, the door shall be pad-locked with an additional individual padlock for each additional worker.

      Figure 5 - Side-loading compacting equipment

      Figure 5:  Photo of a side-loading compacting vehicle with a street-side door padlock
      1. Street-side hopper door padlock

      Figure 6 - Side-loading compacting equipment

      Figure 6: Photo of a side-loading compacting with an interlock switch on street side hopper door
      1. Interlock switch on street side hopper door

      In addition to the above, the following general safety features/procedures are required and shall be reflected in written company safety policies and procedures:

      1. Loading platforms shall be removed unless equipped with a pressure sensitive protective device, or equivalent, giving due consideration to the environmental requirements under which such device/system has to reliably function, including requirements for a self-cleaning slip-resistant loading step surface as outlined in 7.2.10(a) of ANSI Z245-1. The pressure-sensitive protective device/system shall stop the compacting ram movement when a worker steps onto the loading platform. The compacting ram interrupt cycle shall be subject to a manual reset function.
      2. The vehicle or loading platform shall not to be equipped with a grab handle to ensure that the loading platform is not used as a riding step.
      3. The number of ram compacting cycles initiated by a single activation of the controls shall not exceed three (3).
      4. Any worker access to compacting spaces within the vehicle shall be subject to full 'lock-out' and 'lock-out' procedures.
      5. Emergency stop bars shall be in easy reach of the point-of-operation and must extend across the width of the bottom part of the hopper opening.

Note: In the event that an additional worker is performing a "restricted driving-only" function as a result of WSIB "modified work" provisions, additional manual pressure controls are not required.

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