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Alert: Meat Mixer/Grinder

  • Issued: September 13, 2016
  • Content last reviewed: September 2016

Disclaimer: This resource has been prepared to help the workplace parties understand some of their obligations under the Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHSA) and regulations. It is not legal advice. It is not intended to replace the OHSA or the regulations. For further information please see full disclaimer.

Hazard summary

A worker in the meat department of a grocery store was injured while processing meat using a meat mixer/grinder machine. The worker opened the lid/guard of the machine while it was still running and reached inside. The worker’s arm became entangled with the moving parts.

Access to moving parts such as mixing arms, worms and other grinding accessories have caused crushing, laceration and fracture injuries. A guard or other device that prevents access to a moving part that may endanger a worker is required under the Industrial Establishments Regulation (Reg. 851).

Hazard locations

Hazard locations include bakeries, grocery stores, restaurants, cafeterias, supermarkets, hotels, theme parks, colleges, schools and the food processing industry.

Precautions and legal requirements

Under the Occupational Health and Safety Act

  • Clause 25 (2) (a) – "An employer shall provide information, instruction and supervision to a worker to protect the health or safety of the worker."
  • Clause 25 (2) (h) – "An employer shall take every precaution reasonable in the circumstances for the protection of a worker."

Under the Industrial Establishments Regulation

Guarding

Meat grinder/mixing machines must be guarded to prevent a worker from being exposed to moving parts. Employers may refer to CSA Standard CSA Z432-04, Safeguarding of Machinery, for guidance.

  • Section 24 – "Where a machine or prime mover or transmission equipment has an exposed moving part that may endanger the safety of any worker, the machine or prime mover or transmission equipment shall be equipped with and guarded by a guard or other device that prevents access to the moving part."
  • Section 25 – “An in-running nip hazard or any part of a machine, device or thing that may endanger the safety of any worker shall be equipped with and guarded by a guard or other device that prevents access to the pinch point.”

Maintenance

Section 75 – “A part of a machine, transmission machinery, device or thing shall be cleaned, oiled, adjusted, repaired or have maintenance work performed on it only when,

  1. (a) motion that may endanger a worker has stopped; and
  2. (b) any part that has been stopped and that may subsequently move and endanger a worker has been blocked to prevent its movement.”

Lock out

Section 76 – "Where the starting of a machine, transmission machinery, device or thing may endanger the safety of a worker,

  1. (a) control switches or other control mechanisms shall be locked out; and
  2. (b) other effective precautions necessary to prevent any starting shall be taken."

Pre-start review

A pre-start review may be required if installing or modifying a safeguarding device. Please see section 7 of the Industrial Establishments Regulation to determine whether a pre-start review is required.

For more information

Remember that while complying with occupational health and safety laws, you are also required to comply with applicable environmental laws.

Permission is granted to photocopy Ministry of Labour alerts. Please distribute them widely and post them where people will see them.

ISSN 1195-5228

Disclaimer: This web resource has been prepared to assist the workplace parties in understanding some of their obligations under the Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHSA) and the regulations. It is not intended to replace the OHSA or the regulations and reference should always be made to the official version of the legislation.

It is the responsibility of the workplace parties to ensure compliance with the legislation. This web resource does not constitute legal advice. If you require assistance with respect to the interpretation of the legislation and its potential application in specific circumstances, please contact your legal counsel.

While this web resource will also be available to Ministry of Labour inspectors, they will apply and enforce the OHSA and its regulations based on the facts as they may find them in the workplace. This web resource does not affect their enforcement discretion in any way.