Print This Page

Industries and Jobs with Exemptions or Special Rules

  • Content last reviewed: May 2013
Select Industry Group

Identify Your Occupation or Category

EMS, Healthcare, Health Professionals
Occupations Description Details
Ambulance Drivers, Ambulance Driver's Helper or First-aid Attendant on an Ambulance This applies to those employed as Ambulance Drivers, Ambulance Driver’s Helpers or First-Aid Attendants on an ambulance who are not Paramedics or Emergency Medical Attendants.

Note: To learn about exemptions and special rules that apply to Paramedics and Emergency Medical Attendants in the ambulance services industry, please see the Paramedics and Emergency Medical Attendants section of the tool.

Audiologists

This applies to persons employed as registered practitioners of audiology.

Chiropodists This applies to persons employed as duly registered practitioners of chiropody and students in training to become practitioners.
Chiropractors This applies to persons employed as duly registered practitioners of chiropractic and students in training to become practitioners.
Dental Hygienists This applies to persons employed as registered practitioners of dental hygiene.
Dental Technologists

This applies to persons employed as registered practitioners of dental technology.

Dentists

This applies to persons employed as duly registered practitioners of dentistry and students in training to become practitioners.

Denturists This applies to persons employed as registered practitioners of denturism.
Dieticians This applies to persons employed as registered practitioners of dietetics.
Firefighters

This applies to persons employed as “firefighters” as defined in section 1 of the Fire Protection and Prevention Act, 1997 (the FPPA). The FPPA definition refers to a person.

  • who is employed in, or appointed to, a fire department; and
  • who is assigned to perform fire protection services.

“Fire protection services” are defined in the FPPA as including;

Fire suppression, fire prevention, fire safety education, communication, training of persons involved in the provision of fire protection services, rescue and emergency services and the delivery of all those services.

Volunteer firefighters are considered firefighters under section 1 of the FPPA if they meet the FPPA definition of “volunteer firefighter”. That definition refers to a firefighter who provides fire protection services:

  • voluntarily; or
  • for a nominal consideration, honorarium, training or activity allowance

Note: The ESA would not apply to a volunteer firefighter unless he or she is an employee. A volunteer firefighter who meets the FPPA definition and who is an employee is treated the same as other firefighters for purposes of the ESA.

Hospital Employees Applies to employees employed in a hospital.

Note: The term "hospital" is defined to include facilities such as long-term care homes as well as hospitals in the ordinary sense.

Massage Therapists This applies to persons employed as duly registered practitioners of massage therapy and students in training to become practitioners.
Medical Laboratory Technologists This applies to persons employed as registered practitioners of medical laboratory technology.
Medical Radiation Technologists This applies to persons employed as registered practitioners of medical radiation technology.
Midwives This applies to persons employed as registered practitioners of midwifery.
Naturopaths This applies to persons employed as naturopaths and students in training to become naturopaths.
Nurses This applies to persons employed as registered practitioners of nursing.
Occupational Therapists This applies to persons employed as registered practitioners of occupational therapy.
Opticians This applies to persons employed as registered practitioners of opticianry.
Optometrists This applies to persons employed as duly registered practitioners of optometry and students in training to become practitioners.
Paramedics and Emergency Medical Attendants This applies to paramedics and emergency medical attendants in the land and air ambulance industry (land or air) who are represented by a union.
Pharmacists This applies to persons employed as duly registered practitioners of pharmacy and students in training to become practitioners.
Physicians and Surgeons This applies to persons employed as duly registered practitioners of medicine and students in training to become practitioners.
Physiotherapists This applies to persons employed as duly registered practitioners of physiotherapy and students in training to become practitioners.
Psychologists This applies to persons employed as duly registered practitioners of psychology and students in training to become practitioners.
Residential Care Workers This applies to persons who are employed to supervise and care for children or developmentally handicapped persons in a family-type residential dwelling or cottage and who reside in the dwelling or cottage during work periods.

Note: This does not apply to foster parents.

Respiratory Therapists This applies to persons employed as registered practitioners of respiratory therapy.
Speech-Language Pathologists This applies to persons employed as registered practitioners of speech-language pathology.
Veterinarians This applies to persons employed as duly registered practitioners of veterinary medicine and students in training to become practitioners.

Please complete our survey.

Employment Standards Information Centre
416-326-7160 (Greater Toronto Area) 
1-800-531-5551 (toll free Canada-wide) 
1-866-567-8893 (TTY for hearing impaired)