The Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHSA) sets out the rights and duties of all parties in the workplace. It establishes procedures for dealing with workplace hazards and it provides for enforcement of the law where compliance has not been achieved voluntarily by workplace parties.
New and young workers are much more likely to be injured on the job. Young workers — and new workers of any age – are often keen to learn and can bring new ideas and energy to your workplace. However, young workers often can’t recognize health and safety hazards and may hesitate to ask questions.
Employers and supervisors play a vital role in the safety of everyone in your workplace. Be a role model for new and young workers starting out. Be a leader in workplace health and safety.
It's your job to maintain a safe and healthy workplace.
The Employment Standards Act, 2000 (ESA) sets minimum standards for things like pay, work hours and time off. Most workplaces in Ontario must follow this law and employee rights are the same whether you work full-time or part-time. For detailed information on Employment Standards in Ontario, visit Your Guide to the Employment Standards Act, 2000.
The Employment Standards Poster describes important rights and requirements under the Employment Standards Act, 2000. The poster must be posted in the workplace where it is likely that employees will see it. Employers are also required to give every employee a copy of the poster.
There are limits to the number of hours employees can be required or allowed to work. They are also entitled to a certain number of hours free from work and to eating periods. Overtime is payable after 44 hours in most jobs. Overtime pay is at least 1.5 times the normal hourly rate.
Employees should have a regular pay period and payday. They should also receive a wage statement (pay stub) that includes gross and net wage, pay period and wage rate, if applicable. Deductions, such as EI, CPP and taxes must be noted.
Most employees are entitled to be paid at least the minimum wage. A general minimum wage applies to most employees. There are different minimum wages for students, liquor servers, homeworkers, and hunting and fishing guides. To find out the current minimum wages visit Minimum Wage.
Employers cannot withhold tips and other gratuities from employees or make deductions from their employees’ tips to cover things like spillage, breakage, losses or damage, etc. However, employers can make deductions from employees’ tips and other gratuities if it is authorized by statute or a court order, or if the amount will be distributed to other employees as part of a tip pool.
There are nine public holidays in Ontario. Generally, employees may have these days off work with public holiday pay.
After working continuously for three months, most employees must receive advance notice in writing and/or termination pay when you end their employment. The amount of notice depends on how long they have worked for you.
Although you need not provide a reason for ending an employee’s employment, it cannot be in reprisal for things such as asking about Employment Standards rights or refusal to work in excess of the daily and weekly hours of work maximums.
It's your job to follow the Employment Standards Act.
Disclaimer: This resource has been prepared to help you understand some of the rights and obligations established under the Employment Standards Act, 2000 (ESA) and the Occupational Health and Safety Act (OHSA). It is not legal advice. It is not intended to replace the ESA, OHSA or their regulations and reference should always be made to the official version of the legislation. Although we endeavor to ensure that the information in this resource is as current and accurate as possible, errors do occasionally occur. The ESA provides minimum standards only. Some employees may have greater rights under an employment contract, collective agreement, the common law or other legislation.