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Enforcement Statistics

  • Revised: March 2014
  • Content last reviewed: March 2014

The Ministry of Labour and the Workplace Safety and Insurance Board have developed a single, consistent method of reporting injury rates and fatalities across Ontario. This will help keep workers safe and further reduce workplace injuries, by increasing transparency and accuracy of these occurrences in Ontario workplaces.

Data is updated annually. Any updates will reflect changes that occur as injury and fatality claims that are pending or being appealed are decided.

View the current statistics.

Ministry of Labour Enforcement Statistics

The annual enforcement data reflects the number of health and safety inspectors available through the year.

Field Visits

A field visit occurs when a ministry inspector visits a workplace and meets with the workplace parties in order to enforce the Occupational Health and Safety Act (The Act). Field visits may be for the purpose of an inspection, investigation or a consultation.

Total Field Visits by Program Area (inspections, investigations and consultations)
Program/Total 2002/03 2003/04 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07
Construction 20,454 23,563 21,008 28,164 30,638
Industrial 24,133 24,609 23,755 44,167 51,083
Mining 2,716 2,902 2,749 3,158 3,267
SPS 4,790 5,028 5,161 5,922 5,741
Total 52,093 56,102 52,673 81,411 90,729

Total Field Visits by Program Area (inspections, investigations and consultations)
Program/Total 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12
Construction 37,611 32,992 30,604 28,091 29,841
Industrial 53,505 52,163 48,497 45,890 42,794
Mining 4,716 3,912 3,652 3,821 2,750
SPS 5,443 4,752 5,657 6,448 5,492
Total 101,275 93,819 88,410 84,250 80,877

Notes:

  1. SPS means Specialized and Professional Services staff including diving inspectors, engineers, ergonomists, hygienists, physicians and radiation protection officers.

Inspections

The Ministry of Labour inspects workplaces to monitor compliance with occupational health and safety legislation, and to promote the internal responsibility system. These are considered to be proactive field visits. The Ministry targets workplaces and/or sectors of the economy that have a history of poor compliance or high levels of work-related injuries.

Inspections by Program Area
Program/Total 2002/03 2003/04 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07
Construction 17,212 19,274 15,620 20,809 22,987
Industrial 13,719 12,895 13,884 30,756 36,689
Mining 2,242 2,293 2,129 2,509 2,767
SPS 2,542 2,524 2,897 3,216 3,090
Total 35,715 36,986 34,530 57,290 65,533

Inspections by Program Area
Program/Total 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12
Construction 29,490 25,106 23,212 20,363 21,241
Industrial 37,791 35,085 32,886 26,615 23,418
Mining 4,081 3,312 3,391 3,245 2,159
SPS 3,263 2,727 3,449 3,860 3,235
Total 74,625 66,230 62,938 54,083 50,053

Investigations

These are reactive field visits for the purpose of investigating a fatality, critical injury, work refusal, complaint, occupational disease, or other health and safety-related events in the workplace.

Investigations by Program Area
Program/Total 2002/03 2003/04 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07
Construction 2,898 3,858 4,276 5,431 5,656
Industrial 9,623 10,887 9,395 12,947 14,016
Mining 391 506 534 542 421
SPS 1,871 2,026 1,997 2,426 2,516
Total 14,783 17,277 16,202 21,346 22,609

Investigations by Program Area
Program/Total 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12
Construction 6,947 6,688 6,577 7,081 7,813
Industrial 15,340 16,566 15,092 18,917 18,885
Mining 503 464 335 461 493
SPS 1,924 1,712 1,975 2,412 2,073
Total 24,714 25,430 23,979 28,871 29,264

Consultations

These field visits are made to advise workplace parties of their rights, duties and responsibilities under the Act, and of the policies and procedures of the Ministry.

Consultations by Program Area
Program/Total 2002/03 2003/04 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07
Construction 344 431 1,112 1,924 1,995
Industrial 791 827 476 464 378
Mining 83 103 86 107 79
SPS 377 478 267 280 135
Total 1,595 1,839 1,941 2,775 2,587

Consultations by Program Area
Program/Total 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12
Construction 1,174 1,198 815 647 787
Industrial 374 512 287 358 491
Mining 132 136 158 115 98
SPS 256 313 233 176 184
Total 1,936 2,159 1,493 1,296 1,560

Orders Issued

Orders are issued by inspectors to achieve compliance with health and safety legislation and regulations. When an inspector finds an instance where legislation or regulations are not being complied with, a written order is issued to comply within a certain time period.

Orders Issued by Program Area (including stop work orders)
Program/Total 2002/03 2003/04 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07
Construction 35,486 41,736 40,605 54,405 68,430
Industrial 31,310 30,021 42,641 96,008 99,421
Mining 3,317 3,478 3,279 4,036 3,499
SPS 2,409 2,539 3,616 4,501 3,984
Total 72,522 77,774 90,141 158,950 175,334

Orders Issued by Program Area (including stop work orders)
Program/Total 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12
Construction 81,832 69,109 57,759 53,133 60,340
Industrial 86,569 79,186 75,677 71,220 70,369
Mining 4,733 4,728 3,432 3,711 3,443
SPS 3,535 2,034 2,536 2,970 2,657
Total 176,669 155,057 139,404 131,034 136,809

Stop Work Orders

When a contravention of the OHSA poses an immediate danger or hazard to the health and safety of a worker, a stop work order is issued to immediately halt the particular task or process.

Stop Work Orders by Program Area
Program/Total 2002/03 2003/04 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07
Construction 3,101 4,149 3,849 5,068 6,460
Industrial 1,265 1,369 1,760 3,892 3,835
Mining 303 323 298 536 375
SPS 125 114 141 202 268
Total 4,794 5,955 6,048 9,698 10,938

Stop Work Orders by Program Area
Program/Total 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12
Construction 7,790 6,062 5,249 5,094 5,563
Industrial 3,621 3,268 2,470 2,342 2,255
Mining 452 493 345 596 539
SPS 201 69 71 84 95
Total 12,064 9,892 8,135 8,116 8,452

Work Refusals

Under the Act, workers have the right to refuse work they believe is likely to endanger themselves or another person. The Act sets out a process for addressing work refusals. The statistics listed here indicate any work refusal that has been reported to the Ministry, regardless of the stage of the work refusal process.

Work Refusals by Program Area
Program/Total 2002/03 2003/04 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07
Construction 11 14 6 7 13
Industrial 370 361 295 259 257
Mining 8 14 18 29 14
SPS 0 1 2 0 0
Total 389 390 321 295 284

Work Refusals by Program Area
Program/Total 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12
Construction 5 4 4 4 9
Industrial 196 208 135 150 117
Mining 6 4 2 7 8
SPS 0 0 0 0 1
Total 207 216 141 161 135

Complaints

The Ministry receives complaints about workplace conditions, contraventions of legislation or regulations and other workplace concerns. Many complaints result in field visits to the workplace, but some are dealt with in other ways.

Complaints by Program Area
Program/Total 2002/03 2003/04 2004/05 2005/06 2006/07
Construction 1,464 1,896 1,848 2,867 2,942
Industrial 3,814 4,064 3,613 5,062 5,032
Mining 78 82 94 130 115
SPS 41 57 114 40 8
Total 5,397 6,099 5,669 8,099 8,097

Complaints by Program Area
Program/Total 2007/08 2008/09 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12
Construction 3,086 3,296 3,413 3,925 4,405
Industrial 4,983 4,713 4,495 6,775 7,682
Mining 95 99 79 135 164
SPS 5 3 0 0 134
Total 8,169 8,111 7,987 10,835 12,385

Prosecution Statistics

Charges can be laid for violations of the Occupational Health and Safety Act and its regulations. Charges may be laid against workplace parties, including employers, supervisors and workers. If convicted, an offender may be fined by the court.

In the table below, the number of convictions and total amount of fines are listed as totals for all areas (construction, industrial and mining) by year:

  • data for 1996-2004 is listed by calendar year (January 1 - December 31)
  • data for 2005-2013 is listed by fiscal year (April 1 - March 31).

More than one conviction may be related to a single incident.

The statistics encompass Part I contested tickets, Part I summonses and Part III prosecutions.

Number of Convictions and Amount of Fines: 1997-2002
Convictions/Fines 1997 1999 1998 2000 2001 2002
Number of Convictions (per year) 313 309 283 333 287 459
Amount of Fines (per year) $3,746,893 $6,545,260 $4,582,638 $5,155,775 $7,300,715 $9,157,860

Number of Convictions and Amount of Fines: 2003-2009
Convictions/Fines 2003 2004 2005/06 2006/07 2007/08 2008/09
Number of Convictions (per year) 618 386 326 856 1,191 1,303
Amount of Fines (per year) $7,115,725 $6,292,835 $6,069,251 $8,821,380 $12,007,535 $14,136,060

Number of Convictions and Amount of Fines: 2009-2013
Convictions/Fines 2009/10 2010/11 2011/12 2012/13
Number of Convictions (per year) 1,164 948 903 814
Amount of Fines (per year) $12,909,435 $11,291,560 $9,771,230 $10,695,290